A new study from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health links healthy plant-based foods to a lower risk of type 2 diabetes.
Fruits, vegetables, nuts, coffee, and legumes may help prevent diabetes, according to new research.
Professor Frank Hu said individual metabolites from polyphenol-rich plant foods like fruits, vegetables, coffee, and legumes are linked to a healthy plant-based diet and lower risk of diabetes.
Researchers wanted to determine the metabolite profiles of plant-based diets. They wanted to see how metabolites affect type 2 diabetes risk.
Diet affects metabolite profile because foods have different chemical compositions.
Technological advances allow experts to identify all metabolites in a biological sample using metabolomics.
Type 2 diabetes threatens public health. The disease has tripled in less than 20 years, reaching 450 million cases in 2019
Complications like kidney damage and heart disease add to the burden of type 2 diabetes.